61 of 81 senators voted against the female president on Wednesday after a five-day trial and a lengthy overnight debate.
“Today is the day that 61 men, many of them charged and corrupt, threw 54 million Brazilian votes in the garbage,” Rousseff tweeted minutes after the decision.
In a separate vote senators decided not to ban Rousseff from seeking a public office for the next eight years. Al Jazeera reported that Rousseff was watching the session from the presidential palace and would speak a couple of hours after the vote at a news conference.
She said that the case was not expected to go any further as the charges were political, not criminal.
Rousseff allies have signalled that they would take the case to Supreme Court. But several motions filed to the country’s highest court throughout the impeachment proceedings have failed.
Rousseff’s former vice-president turned rival Michel Temer, 75, was sworn in as president hours later and will remain in office until the next scheduled election in late 2018.
is accused of taking illegal state loans to patch budget holes in 2014, masking the country’s problems as it slid into its deepest recession in decades.
She told Senate she was innocent, saying the impeachment trial amounted to a right-wing coup d’etat.
Rousseff claimed her impeachment was the price she paid for refusing to quash a wide-ranging police investigation into the state oil company Petrobras, saying that corrupt politicians conspired to oust her to derail the investigation into billions in kickbacks at the oil giant.
She said it's “an irony of history” that she would be judged for crimes she did not commit, by people accused of serious crimes.
The Workers’ Party under Rousseff and her predecessor Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is credited with raising around 29 million Brazilians out of poverty.
But many now blame the party and Rousseff in particular for the country’s multiple ills.